This is Scientific American's 60-second Science, I'm Christopher Intagliata.
When restaurants first shut down early in the pandemic, Americans raided grocery stores. They started cooking more at home—and, presumably, generating more leftovers. Those leftovers can be a convenient future meal—but they've also got a dark side.
"There's a tendency that if you put an item on a plate that's a leftover, there's a higher probability that you're not going to fully consume that item. And so it's probably going to go to waste."
Brian Roe, an applied economist at the Ohio State University. He and his colleagues recently studied leftovers and food waste by tracking the eating habits of 18 men and women in Baton Rouge, La. The participants tracked what they ate using an iPhone app. And during the weeklong study, the study subjects collectively piled 1,200 different foods on their plates.
After analyzing what got eaten, saved orthrown away, the researchers found that leftovers were more likely to bepicked atand not fully eaten—a finding we can all probably identify with.
But they also observed that leftovers—perhaps due to being older and less fresh—directed diners' attention to the other, more novel items on their plate, which brings up an interesting possible strategy to get people to eat their veggies.
"I guess if you have an item that you don't normally eat as much of, and you're trying to get people to eat their peas, perhaps surrounding it with leftovers is a way to make them focus on the newest item on the plate."
The findings are in the journal PLOS ONE.
Overall, Roe says one bigger lesson emerged on how to avoid scraping food into the trash.
"For us, the real take-home here was: all else equal, choose a smaller meal, and you're less likely to generate leftovers. And that's a good thing because leftovers, all else equal, tend to be wasted more often."
Not that Roe doesn't have aspirational Tupperware sitting around.
"I'm guilty ofthis myself: we have things left over from last Thanksgiving still sitting in our freezer. And I know people who've moved with frozen items before—without evergetting around toeating them."
Thanks for listening for Scientific American's 60-second Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata.
餐厅在新冠疫情初期首次关闭时，美国人突袭了杂货店。他们开始更多地在家里做饭，这可能会产生更多的剩饭剩菜 。这些剩饭剩菜可以成为未来方便的一餐，但它们也有不好的一面 。
俄亥俄州立大学的应用经济学家布莱恩·罗伊说到。他和同事最近通过追踪路易斯安那州巴吞鲁日18名男女的饮食习惯，研究了剩饭剩菜和食物浪费 。参与者使用iPhone应用程序追踪他们吃了什么 。在为期一周的研究中，研究对象在盘子里堆积了1200种不同的食物 。
1. throw away 扔掉，丢掉(废弃物)；
2. pick at 少量地吃；吃一点点；
Sarahpicked ata plate of cheese for supper, but she wasn't really hungry.
3. be guilty of 内疚的；感到愧疚的；
Hosts can alsobe guilty ofpacking the agenda with social events.
4. get around to sth./doing sth. 抽出时间做；终于去做；
I said I would write to you, but as usual I nevergot around toit.